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Fuzzy State Real-Time Reservoir Operation Model for Irrigation with Gridded Rainfall Forecasts

Kumari, Sangeeta and Mujumdar, PP (2016) Fuzzy State Real-Time Reservoir Operation Model for Irrigation with Gridded Rainfall Forecasts. In: JOURNAL OF IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING, 142 (2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.00009...


A short-term real-time operation model with fuzzy state variables is developed for irrigation of multiple crops based on earlier work on long-term steady-state policy. The features of the model that distinguish it from the earlier work are (1) apart from inclusion of fuzziness in reservoir storage and in soil moisture of crops, spatial variations in rainfall and soil moisture of crops are included in the real-time operation model by considering gridded command area with a grid size of 0.5 degrees latitude by 0.5 degrees longitude; (2) the water allocation model and soil moisture balance equations are integrated with the real-time operation model with consideration of ponding water depth for Paddy crop; the model solution specifies reservoir releases for irrigation in a 10-day time period and allocations among the crops on a daily basis at each grid by maintaining soil moisture balance at the end of the day; and (3) the release policy is developed using forecasted daily rainfall data of each grid and is implemented for the current time period using actual 10-day inflow and actual daily rainfall of each grid. The real-time operation model is applied to Bhadra Reservoir in Karnataka, India. The results obtained using the real-time operation model are compared with those of the standard operating policy model. Inclusion of fuzziness in reservoir storage and soil moisture of crops captures hydrologic uncertainties in real time. Considerations of irrigation decisions on a daily basis and the gridded command area result in variations in allocating water to the crops, variations in actual crop evapotranspiration, and variations in soil moisture of the crops on a daily basis for each grid of the command area. (C) 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS, 1801 ALEXANDER BELL DR, RESTON, VA 20191-4400 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2016 07:13
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2016 07:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53305

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