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Electrically driven intracellular and extracellular nanomanipulators evoke neurogenic/cardiomyogenic differentiation in human mesenchymal stem cells

Thrivikraman, Greeshma and Madras, Giridhar and Basu, Bikramjit (2016) Electrically driven intracellular and extracellular nanomanipulators evoke neurogenic/cardiomyogenic differentiation in human mesenchymal stem cells. In: BIOMATERIALS, 77 . pp. 26-43.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.10.0...


Nanomechanical intervention through electroactuation is an effective strategy to guide stem cell differentiation for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In the present study, we elucidate that physical forces exerted by electroactuated gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have a strong influence in regulating the lineage commitment of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). A novel platform that combines intracellular and extracellular GNPs as nano-manipulators was designed to trigger neurogenic/cardiomyogenic differentiation in hMSCs, in electric field stimulated culture condition. In order to mimic the native microenvironment of nerve and cardiac tissues, hMSCs were treated with physiologically relevant direct current electric field (DC EF) or pulsed electric field (PEF) stimuli, respectively. When exposed to regular intermittent cycles of DC EF stimuli, majority of the GNP actuated hMSCs acquired longer filopodial extensions with multiple branch-points possessing neural-like architecture. Such morphological changes were consistent with higher mRNA expression level for neural-specific markers. On the other hand, PEF elicited cardiomyogenic differentiation, which is commensurate with the tubelike morphological alterations along with the upregulation of cardiac specific markers. The observed effect was significantly promoted even by intracellular actuation and was found to be substrate independent. Further, we have substantiated the participation of oxidative signaling, G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and intracellular calcium Ca2+] elevation as the key upstream regulators dictating GNP assisted hMSC differentiation. Thus, by adopting dual stimulation protocols, we could successfully divert the DC EF exposed cells to differentiate predominantly into neural-like cells and PEF treated cells into cardiomyogenic-like cells, via nanoactuation of GNPs. Such a novel multifaceted approach can be exploited to combat tissue loss following brain injury or heart failure. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Keywords: Electroactuation; Gold nanoparticles (GNPs); Neural architecture; Cardiomyogenic differentiation; Stimulation protocols
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 05:38
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2016 05:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53134

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