# Modeling of the non-isothermal liquid droplet impact on a heated solid substrate with heterogeneous wettability

Ganesan, Sashikumaar and Venkatesan, Jagannath and Rajasekaran, Sangeetha (2015) Modeling of the non-isothermal liquid droplet impact on a heated solid substrate with heterogeneous wettability. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, 88 . pp. 55-72.

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## Abstract

A comprehensive numerical investigation on the impingement and spreading of a non-isothermal liquid droplet on a solid substrate with heterogeneous wettability is presented in this work. The time-dependent incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are used to describe the fluid flow in the liquid droplet, whereas the heat transfer in the moving droplet and in the solid substrate is described by the energy equation. The arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) formulation with finite elements is used to solve the time-dependent incompressible Navier-Stokes equation and the energy equation in the time-dependent moving domain. Moreover, the Marangoni convection is included in the variational form of the Navier-Stokes equations without calculating the partial derivatives of the temperature on the free surface. The heterogeneous wettability is incorporated into the numerical model by defining a space-dependent contact angle. An array of simulations for droplet impingement on a heated solid substrate with circular patterned heterogeneous wettability are presented. The numerical study includes the influence of wettability contrast, pattern diameter, Reynolds number and Weber number on the confinement of the spreading droplet within the inner region, which is more wettable than the outer region. Also, the influence of these parameters on the total heat transfer from the solid substrate to the liquid droplet is examined. We observe that the equilibrium position depends on the wettability contrast and the diameter of the inner surface. Consequently. the heat transfer is more when the wettability contrast is small and/or the diameter of inner region is large. The influence of the Weber number on the total heat transfer is more compared to the Reynolds number, and the total heat transfer increases when the Weber number increases. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND Droplet impingement; Heterogeneous wettability; Heat transfer; Marangoni convection; Finite elements; ALE approach Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Supercomputer Education & Research Centre 30 Dec 2015 06:06 30 Dec 2015 06:06 http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52959