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Joint Channel Estimation and Data Detection in MIMO-OFDM Systems: A Sparse Bayesian Learning Approach

Prasad, Ranjitha and Murthy, Chandra R and Rao, Bhaskar D (2015) Joint Channel Estimation and Data Detection in MIMO-OFDM Systems: A Sparse Bayesian Learning Approach. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, 63 (20). pp. 5369-5382.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSP.2015.2451071


The impulse response of wireless channels between the N-t transmit and N-r receive antennas of a MIMO-OFDM system are group approximately sparse (ga-sparse), i.e., NtNt the channels have a small number of significant paths relative to the channel delay spread and the time-lags of the significant paths between transmit and receive antenna pairs coincide. Often, wireless channels are also group approximately cluster-sparse (gac-sparse), i.e., every ga-sparse channel consists of clusters, where a few clusters have all strong components while most clusters have all weak components. In this paper, we cast the problem of estimating the ga-sparse and gac-sparse block-fading and time-varying channels in the sparse Bayesian learning (SBL) framework and propose a bouquet of novel algorithms for pilot-based channel estimation, and joint channel estimation and data detection, in MIMO-OFDM systems. The proposed algorithms are capable of estimating the sparse wireless channels even when the measurement matrix is only partially known. Further, we employ a first-order autoregressive modeling of the temporal variation of the ga-sparse and gac-sparse channels and propose a recursive Kalman filtering and smoothing (KFS) technique for joint channel estimation, tracking, and data detection. We also propose novel, parallel-implementation based, low-complexity techniques for estimating gac-sparse channels. Monte Carlo simulations illustrate the benefit of exploiting the gac-sparse structure in the wireless channel in terms of the mean square error (MSE) and coded bit error rate (BER) performance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 445 HOES LANE, PISCATAWAY, NJ 08855-4141 USA
Keywords: Sparse Bayesian learning; joint channel estimation and data detection; joint sparsity; cluster sparsity; multiple measurement vectors
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2015 07:07
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 07:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52580

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