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Carbon-Nanohorn-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites: Synergetic Benefits in Mechanical Properties

Kadambi, Sourabh B and Pramoda, K and Ramamurty, U and Rao, CNR (2015) Carbon-Nanohorn-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites: Synergetic Benefits in Mechanical Properties. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 7 (31). pp. 17016-17022.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b02792


Mechanical properties of single-walled carbon nanohoms (SWNH) and SWNH plus few-layer graphene (EG)-reinforced poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) matrix composites have been measured using the nanoindentation technique. The elastic modulus (E) and hardness (H) of PVA were found to improve by similar to 315% and similar to 135%, respectively, upon the addition of just 0.4 wt % SWNH. These properties were found to be comparable to those obtained upon the addition of 0.2 wt % single-walled nanotubes (SWNT) to PVA. Furthermore, upon binary addition of 0.2 wt % EG and 0.4 wt % SWNH to PVA, benefits in the form of similar to 400% and similar to 330% synergy in E and H, respectively, were observed, along with an increased resistance to viscoelastic deformation. The reasons for these improvements are discussed in terms of the dimensionality of nanocarbon, the effectiveness of nanocarbon and polymer matrix interaction, and the influence of nanocarbon on the degree of crystallinity of the polymer. The results from SWNH reinforcement in this study demonstrate the scope for a novel and, in contrast to SWNT composites, a commercially feasible opportunity for strengthening polymer matrices.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Keywords: carbon nanohorn; polymer nanocomposites; nanoindentation; mechanical properties; synergy
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 05:23
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2018 14:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52400

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