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Effect of catchment characteristics on the relationship between past discharge and the power law recession coefficient

Patnaik, Swagat and Biswal, Basudev and Kumar, Nagesh D and Sivakumar, Bellie (2015) Effect of catchment characteristics on the relationship between past discharge and the power law recession coefficient. In: JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 528 . pp. 321-328.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.06.032


This study concerns the relationship between the power law recession coefficient k (in - dQ/dt = kQ(alpha), Q being discharge at the basin outlet) and past average discharge Q(N) (where N is the temporal distance from the center of the selected time span in the past to the recession peak), which serves as a proxy for past storage state of the basin. The strength of the k-Q(N) relationship is characterized by the coefficient of determination R-N(2), which is expected to indicate the basin's ability to hold water for N days. The main objective of this study is to examine how R-N(2) value of a basin is related with its physical characteristics. For this purpose, we use streamflow data from 358 basins in the United States and selected 18 physical parameters for each basin. First, we transform the physical parameters into mutually independent principal components. Then we employ multiple linear regression method to construct a model of R-N(2) in terms of the principal components. Furthermore, we employ step-wise multiple linear regression method to identify the dominant catchment characteristics that influence R-N(2) and their directions of influence. Our results indicate that R-N(2) is appreciably related to catchment characteristics. Particularly, it is noteworthy that the coefficient of determination of the relationship between R-N(2) and the catchment characteristics is 0.643 for N = 45. We found that topographical characteristics of a basin are the most dominant factors in controlling the value of R-N(2). Our results may be suggesting that it is possible to tell about the water holding capacity of a basin by just knowing about a few of its physical characteristics. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Recession flow curves; Past average discharge; Storage-discharge relationship; Catchment characteristics
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2015 04:51
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2015 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52271

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