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Spatial Modulation Aided Zero-Padded Single Carrier Transmission for Dispersive Channels

Rajashekar, Rakshith and Hari, KVS and Hanzo, L (2013) Spatial Modulation Aided Zero-Padded Single Carrier Transmission for Dispersive Channels. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, 61 (6). pp. 2318-2329.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2013.043013.130011


In this paper, we consider spatial modulation (SM) operating in a frequency-selective single-carrier (SC) communication scenario and propose zero-padding instead of the cyclic-prefix considered in the existing literature. We show that the zero-padded single-carrier (ZP-SC) SM system offers full multipath diversity under maximum-likelihood (ML) detection, unlike the cyclic-prefix based SM system. Furthermore, we show that the order of ML detection complexity in our proposed ZP-SC SM system is independent of the frame length and depends only on the number of multipath links between the transmitter and the receiver. Thus, we show that the zero-padding applied in the SC SM system has two advantages over the cyclic prefix: 1) achieves full multipath diversity, and 2) imposes a relatively low ML detection complexity. Furthermore, we extend the partial interference cancellation receiver (PIC-R) proposed by Guo and Xia for the detection of space-time block codes (STBCs) in order to convert the ZP-SC system into a set of narrowband subsystems experiencing flat-fading. We show that full rank STBC transmissions over these subsystems achieves full transmit, receive as well as multipath diversity for the PIC-R. Furthermore, we show that the ZP-SC SM system achieves receive and multipath diversity for the PIC-R at a detection complexity order which is the same as that of the SM system in flat-fading scenario. Our simulation results demonstrate that the symbol error ratio performance of the proposed linear receiver for the ZP-SC SM system is significantly better than that of the SM in cyclic prefix based orthogonal frequency division multiplexing as well as of the SM in the cyclic-prefixed and zero-padded single carrier systems relying on zero-forcing/minimum mean-squared error equalizer based receivers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, 445 HOES LANE, PISCATAWAY, NJ 08855-4141 USA
Keywords: Spatial modulation; zero padded single carrier communication; partial interference cancellation; diversity; decoding complexity
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2015 04:52
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2015 04:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52193

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