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Effect of ultra-fast mixing in a microchannel due to a soft wall on the room temperature synthesis of gold nanoparticles

Verma, MKS and Kumaran, V (2015) Effect of ultra-fast mixing in a microchannel due to a soft wall on the room temperature synthesis of gold nanoparticles. In: SADHANA-ACADEMY PROCEEDINGS IN ENGINEERING SCIENCES, 40 (3, SI). pp. 973-983.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12046-015-0351-0


The room-temperature synthesis of mono-dispersed gold nanoparticles, by the reduction of chlorauric acid (HAuCl4) with tannic acid as the reducing and stabilizing agent, is carried out in a microchannel. The microchannel is fabricated with one soft wall, so that there is a spontaneous transition to turbulence, and thereby enhanced mixing, when the flow Reynolds number increases beyond a critical value. The objective of the study is to examine whether the nanoparticle size and polydispersity can be modified by enhancing the mixing in the microchannel device. The flow rates are varied in order to study nanoparticle formation both in laminar flow and in the chaotic flow after transition, and the molar ratio of the chlorauric acid to tannic acid is also varied to study the effect of molar ratio on nanoparticle size. The formation of gold nanoparticles is examined by UV-visual spectroscopy and the size distribution is determined using scanning electron microscopy. The synthesized nanoparticles size decreases from a parts per thousand yen6 nm to a parts per thousand currency sign4 nm when the molar ratio of chlorauric acid to tannic acid is increased from 1 to 20. It is found that there is no systematic variation of nanoparticle size with flow velocity, and the nanoparticle size is not altered when the flow changes from laminar to turbulent. However, the standard deviation of the size distribution decreases by about 30% after transition, indicating that the enhanced mixing results in uniformity of particle size.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the INDIAN ACAD SCIENCES, C V RAMAN AVENUE, SADASHIVANAGAR, P B #8005, BANGALORE 560 080, INDIA
Keywords: Nanoparticle; instability; microfluidics; microfluidic mixing; transition to turbulence
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2015 06:46
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2015 06:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52159

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