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Role of Areca Nut Induced TGF-beta and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Interaction in the Pathogenesis of Oral Submucous Fibrosis

Pant, Ila and Kumar, Neeraj and Khan, Imran and Rao, Somanahalli Girish and Kondaiah, Paturu (2015) Role of Areca Nut Induced TGF-beta and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Interaction in the Pathogenesis of Oral Submucous Fibrosis. In: PLOS ONE, 10 (6).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129252


Areca nut consumption has been implicated in the progression of Oral Submucous fibrosis (OSF); an inflammatory precancerous fibrotic condition. Our previous studies have demonstrated the activation of TGF-beta signaling in epithelial cells by areca nut components and also propose a role for epithelial expressed TGF-beta in the pathogenesis of OSF. Although the importance of epithelial cells in the manifestation of OSF has been proposed, the actual effectors are fibroblast cells. However, the role of areca nut and TGF-beta in the context of fibroblast response has not been elucidated. Therefore, to understand their role in the context of fibroblast response in OSF pathogenesis, human gingival fibroblasts (hGF) were treated with areca nut and/or TGF-beta followed by transcriptome profiling. The gene expression profile obtained was compared with the previously published transcriptome profiles of OSF tissues and areca nut treated epithelial cells. The analysis revealed regulation of 4666 and 1214 genes by areca nut and TGF-beta treatment respectively. The expression of 413 genes in hGF cells was potentiated by areca nut and TGF-beta together. Further, the differentially expressed genes of OSF tissues compared to normal tissues overlapped significantly with areca nut and TGF-beta induced genes in epithelial and hGF cells. Several positively enriched pathways were found to be common between OSF tissues and areca nut + TGF-beta treated hGF cells. In concordance, areca nut along with TGF-beta enhanced fibroblast activation as demonstrated by potentiation of alpha SMA, gamma SMA and collagen gel contraction by hGF cells. Furthermore, TGF-beta secreted by areca nut treated epithelial cells influenced fibroblast activation and other genes implicated in fibrosis. These data establish a role for areca nut influenced epithelial cells in OSF progression by activation of fibroblasts and emphasizes the importance of epithelial-mesenchymal interaction in OSF.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: PLOS ONE
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE, 1160 BATTERY STREET, STE 100, SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94111 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2015 04:54
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2015 04:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52032

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