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Crystal landscape in the orcinol:4,4 `-bipyridine system: synthon modularity, polymorphism and transferability of multipole charge density parameters

Dubey, Ritesh and Pavan, Mysore S and Row, Tayur Guru N and Desiraju, Gautam R (2014) Crystal landscape in the orcinol:4,4 `-bipyridine system: synthon modularity, polymorphism and transferability of multipole charge density parameters. In: IUCRJ, 1 (1). pp. 8-18.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S2052252513024421


Polymorphism in the orcinol: 4,4'-bipyridine cocrystal system is analyzed in terms of a robust convergent modular phenol...pyridine supramolecular synthon. Employing the Synthon Based Fragments Approach (SBFA) to transfer the multipole charge density parameters, it is demonstrated that the crystal landscape can be quantified in terms of intermolecular interaction energies in the five crystal forms so far isolated in this complex system. There are five crystal forms. The first has an open, divergent O-H...N based structure with alternating orcinol and bipyridine molecules. The other four polymorphs have different three-dimensional packing but all of them are similar at an interaction level, and are based on a modular O-H...N mediated supramolecular synthon that consists of two orcinol and two bipyridine molecules in a closed, convergent structure. The SBFA method, which depends on the modularity of synthons, provides good agreement between experiment and theory because it takes into account the supramolecular contribution to charge density. The existence of five crystal forms in this system shows that polymorphism in cocrystals need not be considered to be an unusual phenomenon. Studies of the crystal landscape could lead to an understanding of the kinetic pathways that control the crystallization processes, in other words the valleys in the landscape. These pathways are traditionally not considered in exercises pertaining to computational crystal structure prediction, which rather monitors the thermodynamics of the various stable forms in the system, in other words the peaks in the landscape.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IUCRJ
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the INT UNION CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 2 ABBEY SQ, CHESTER, CH1 2HU, ENGLAND
Keywords: cocrystal; supramolecular synthon; crystallization; crystal structure prediction; hydrogen bond
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2015 14:24
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2015 14:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51980

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