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Unified Continuum Damage Model for Matrix Cracking in Composite Rotor Blades

Pollayi, Hemaraju and Harursampath, Dineshkumar (2015) Unified Continuum Damage Model for Matrix Cracking in Composite Rotor Blades. In: International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics (ICNAAM), SEP 22-28, 2014, Rhodes, GREECE.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1063/1.4912588


This paper deals with modeling of the first damage mode, matrix micro-cracking, in helicopter rotor/wind turbine blades and how this effects the overall cross-sectional stiffness. The helicopter/wind turbine rotor system operates in a highly dynamic and unsteady environment leading to severe vibratory loads present in the system. Repeated exposure to this loading condition can induce damage in the composite rotor blades. These rotor/turbine blades are generally made of fiber-reinforced laminated composites and exhibit various competing modes of damage such as matrix micro-cracking, delamination, and fiber breakage. There is a need to study the behavior of the composite rotor system under various key damage modes in composite materials for developing Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system. Each blade is modeled as a beam based on geometrically non-linear 3-D elasticity theory. Each blade thus splits into 2-D analyzes of cross-sections and non-linear 1-D analyzes along the beam reference curves. Two different tools are used here for complete 3-D analysis: VABS for 2-D cross-sectional analysis and GEBT for 1-D beam analysis. The physically-based failure models for matrix in compression and tension loading are used in the present work. Matrix cracking is detected using two failure criterion: Matrix Failure in Compression and Matrix Failure in Tension which are based on the recovered field. A strain variable is set which drives the damage variable for matrix cracking and this damage variable is used to estimate the reduced cross-sectional stiffness. The matrix micro-cracking is performed in two different approaches: (i) Element-wise, and (ii) Node-wise. The procedure presented in this paper is implemented in VABS as matrix micro-cracking modeling module. Three examples are presented to investigate the matrix failure model which illustrate the effect of matrix cracking on cross-sectional stiffness by varying the applied cyclic

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Series.: AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST PHYSICS, 2 HUNTINGTON QUADRANGLE, STE 1NO1, MELVILLE, NY 11747-4501 USA
Keywords: Wind turbine blades; Matrix cracking; Damage variable; SHM; VABS; GEBT
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2015 09:28
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2015 09:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51846

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