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Self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles on ZnO microsheet: ultrafast synthesis and tunable photoluminescence properties

Brahma, Sanjaya and Khatei, Jayakrishna and Sunkara, S and Lo, KY and Shivashankar, SA (2015) Self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles on ZnO microsheet: ultrafast synthesis and tunable photoluminescence properties. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, 48 (22).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1088/0022-3727/48/22/225305


We report on the tunable photoluminescence characteristics of porous ZnO microsheets fabricated within 1-5 min of microwave irradiation in the presence of a capping agent such as citric acid, and mixture of citric acid with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The UV emission intensity reduces to 60% and visible emission increases tenfold when the molar concentration of citric acid is doubled. Further diminution of the intensity of UV emission (25%) is observed when PVP is mixed with citric acid. The addition of nitrogen donor ligands to the parent precursor leads to a red shift in the visible luminescence. The deep level emission covers the entire visible spectrum and gives an impression of white light emission from these ZnO samples. The detailed luminescence mechanism of our ZnO samples is described with the help of a band diagram constructed by using the theoretical models that describe the formation energy of the defect energy levels within the energy band structure. Oxygen vacancies play the key role in the variation of the green luminescence in the ZnO microsheets. Our research findings provide an insight that it is possible to retain the microstructure and simultaneously introduce defects into ZnO. The growth of the ZnO microsheets may be due to the self assembly of the fine sheets formed during the initial stage of nucleation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IOP PUBLISHING LTD, TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Keywords: ZnO microsheets; chemical synthesis; electron microscopy; optical properties; defects
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 11:06
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2015 11:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51685

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