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Luminescence enhancement in monoclinic CaAl2O4:Eu2+, Cr3+ nanophosphor by fuel-blend combustion synthesis

Krishna, Hari R and Nagabhushana, BM and Sherikar, Baburao N and Murthy, Suriya N and Shivakumara, C and Thomas, Tiju (2015) Luminescence enhancement in monoclinic CaAl2O4:Eu2+, Cr3+ nanophosphor by fuel-blend combustion synthesis. In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 267 . pp. 317-323.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.12.102


Eu2+ ion doped into a suitable host results in an efficient luminophore with engineering relevance; however stabilizing this ion in a host is known to be a challenge. Here we report a novel approach for the synthesis of efficient CaAl2O4 phosphor containing Eu2+ luminophore and Cr3+ activator. CaAl2O4:Eu2+, Cr3+ is prepared by a solution combustion (SCS) method using (i) urea, (ii) oxalyl dihydrazide (ODH) and (iii) fuel-blend (in which overall fuel to oxidizer ratio (F/O) = 1). A Multi-channel thermocouple setup is used to measure the flame temperatures to study the nature of combustion of various fuel mixtures. The variation of adiabatic flame temperature is calculated theoretically for different urea/ODH mixture ratios according to thermodynamic concept and correlated with the observed flame temperatures. Blue emission of the CaAl2O4:Eu2+ phosphor is enhanced similar to 20 times using the fuel-blend approach. Using the observed reaction kinetics, and the known chemistry of smoldering type combustion, a mechanism is proposed for the observed stabilization of Eu2+ ion in the fuel-blend case. This also explains the observed improvement in blue light emission. We show that the right choice of the fuel ratio is essential for enhancing photoluminescence (PL) emission. The PL intensity is highest for ODH lean and urea rich combination (i.e. when the ratio of ODH:urea is 1:5); measured color purity is comparable to commercial blue phosphor, BAM:Eu2+. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: Phosphor; Solution combustion; Photoluminescence; Color purity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 07:55
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2015 07:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51272

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