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Cryogenian magmatism and crustal reworking in the Southern Granulite Terrane, India

George, PM and Santosh, M and Chen, Nengsong and Nandakumar, V and Itaya, T and Sonali, MK and Smruti, RP and Sajeev, K (2015) Cryogenian magmatism and crustal reworking in the Southern Granulite Terrane, India. In: INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW, 57 (2). pp. 112-133.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1080/00206814.2014.999260


Understanding Neoproterozoic crustal evolution is fundamental to reconstructing the Gondwana supercontinent, which was assembled at this time. Here we report evidence of Cryogenian crustal reworking in the Madurai Block of the Southern Granulite Terrane of India. The study focuses on a garnet-bearing granite-charnockite suite, where the granite shows in situ dehydration into patches and veins of incipient charnockite along the contact with charnockite. The granite also carries dismembered layers of Mg-Al-rich granulite. Micro-textural evidence for dehydration of granite in the presence of CO2-rich fluids includes the formation of orthopyroxene by the breakdown of biotite, neoblastic zircon growth in the dehydration zone, at around 870 degrees C and 8kbar. The zircon U-Pb ages suggest formation of the granite, charnockite, and incipient charnockite at 836 +/- 73, 831 +/- 31, and 772 +/- 49Ma, respectively. Negative zircon epsilon Hf (t) (-5 to -20) values suggest that these rocks were derived from a reworked Palaeoproterozoic crustal source. Zircon grains in the Mg-Al-rich granulite record a spectrum of ages from ca. 2300 to ca. 500Ma, suggesting multiple provenances ranging from Palaeoproterozoic to mid-Neoproterozoic, with neoblastic zircon growth during high-temperature metamorphism in the Cambrian. We propose that the garnet-bearing granite and charnockite reflect the crustal reworking of aluminous crustal material indicated by the presence of biotite+quartz+aluminosilicate inclusions in the garnet within the granite. This crustal source can be the Mg-Al-rich layers carried by the granite itself, which later experienced high-temperature regional metamorphism at ca. 550Ma. Our model also envisages that the CO2 which dehydrated the garnet-bearing granite generating incipient charnockite was sourced from the proximal massive charnockite through advection. These Cryogenian crustal reworking events are related to prolonged tectonic activities prior to the final assembly of the Gondwana supercontinent.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 530 WALNUT STREET, STE 850, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106 USA
Keywords: Southern Granulite Terrane; fluids; petrology; zircon geochronology; cryogenian; incipient charnockite; Lu-Hf isotopes
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2015 12:10
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2015 12:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51142

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