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Synergistic Effect of Mo plus Cu Codoping on the Photocatalytic Behavior of Metastable TiO2 Solid Solutions

Chaudhary, Aakanksha and Nag, Poshit M and Ravishankar, N and Thomas, Tiju and Jain, Manish and Raghavan, Srinivasan (2014) Synergistic Effect of Mo plus Cu Codoping on the Photocatalytic Behavior of Metastable TiO2 Solid Solutions. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 118 (51). pp. 29788-29795.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp507843c


Codoping with Cu and Mo is shown to have a synergistic effect on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2. The enhancement in activity is observed only if the synthesis route results in TiO2 in which (Cu, Mo) codopants are forced into the TiO2 lattice. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Cu and Mo are shown to be present in the +2 and +6 oxidation states, respectively. A systematic study of the ternary system shows that TiO2 containing 6 mol % CuO and 1.5 mol % MoO3 is the most active ternary composition. Ab initio calculations show that codoping of TiO2 using (Mo, Cu) introduces levels above the valence band, and below the conduction band, resulting in a significant reduction in the band gap (similar to 0.8 eV). However, codoping also introduces deep defect states, which can have a deleterious impact on photoactivity. This helps rationalize the narrow compositional window over which the enhancement in photocatalytic activity is observed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2015 13:34
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2015 13:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50816

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