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Poly(vinylidene fluoride)-Based Flexible and Lightweight Materials for Attenuating Microwave Radiations

Sharma, Maya and Singh, Mahander Pratap and Srivastava, Chandan and Madras, Giridhar and Bose, Suryasarathi (2015) Poly(vinylidene fluoride)-Based Flexible and Lightweight Materials for Attenuating Microwave Radiations. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 6 (23). pp. 21151-21160.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1021/am506042a


Two unique materials were developed, like graphene oxide (GO) sheets covalently grafted on to barium titanate (BT) nanoparticles and cobalt nanowires (Co-NWs), to attenuate the electromagnetic (EM) radiations in poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)-based composites. The rationale behind using either a ferroelectric or a ferromagnetic material in combination with intrinsically conducting nanoparticles (multiwall carbon nanotubes, CNTs), is to induce both electrical and magnetic dipoles in the system. Two key properties, namely, enhanced dielectric constant and magnetic permeability, were determined. PVDF/BT-GO composites exhibited higher dielectric constant compared to PVDF/BT and PVDF/GO composites. Co-NWs, which were synthesized by electrodeposition, exhibited saturation magnetization (M-s) of 40 emu/g and coercivity (Hc) of 300 G. Three phase hybrid composites were prepared by mixing CNTs with either BT-GO or Co-NWs in PVDF by solution blending. These nanoparticles showed high electrical conductivity and significant attenuation of EM radiations both in the X-band and in the Ku-band frequency. In addition, BT-GO/CNT and Co-NWs/CNT particles also enhanced the thermal conductivity of PVDF by ca. 8.7- and 9.3-fold in striking contrast to neat PVDF. This study open new avenues to design flexible and lightweight electromagnetic interference shielding materials by careful selection of functional nanoparticles

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2015 04:31
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 04:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50752

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