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Bearing capacity of circular foundations reinforced with geogrid sheets

Chakraborty, Manash and Kumar, Jyant (2014) Bearing capacity of circular foundations reinforced with geogrid sheets. In: SOILS AND FOUNDATIONS, 54 (4). pp. 820-832.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.sandf.2014.06.013


The ultimate bearing capacity of a circular footing, placed over a soil mass which is reinforced with horizontal layers of circular reinforcement sheets, has been determined by using the upper bound theorem of the limit analysis in conjunction with finite elements and linear optimization. For performing the analysis, three different soil media have been separately considered, namely, (i) fully granular, (ii) cohesive frictional, and (iii) fully cohesive with an additional provision to account for an increase of cohesion with depth. The reinforcement sheets are assumed to be structurally strong to resist axial tension but without having any resistance to bending; such an approximation usually holds good for geogrid sheets. The shear failure between the reinforcement sheet and adjoining soil mass has been considered. The increase in the magnitudes of the bearing capacity factors (N-c and N-gamma) with an inclusion of the reinforcement has been computed in terms of the efficiency factors eta(c) and eta(gamma). The results have been obtained (i) for different values of phi in case of fully granular (c=0) and c-phi soils, and (ii) for different rates (m) at which the cohesion increases with depth for a purely cohesive soil (phi=0 degrees). The critical positions and corresponding optimum diameter of the reinforcement sheets, for achieving the maximum bearing capacity, have also been established. The increase in the bearing capacity with an employment of the reinforcement increases continuously with an increase in phi. The improvement in the bearing capacity becomes quite extensive for two layers of the reinforcements as compared to the single layer of the reinforcement. The results obtained from the study are found to compare well with the available theoretical and experimental data reported in literature. (C) 2014 The Japanese Geotechnical Society. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the JAPANESE GEOTECHNICAL SOC, SUGAYAMA BLDG 4F, KANDA AWAJI-CHO 2-23, CHIYODA-KU, TOKYO, 101-0063, JAPAN
Keywords: Bearing capacity; Circular footing; Limit analysis; Finite elements; Plasticity; Reinforcement
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2015 06:47
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2015 06:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50601

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