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Effect of functional groups on separating carbon dioxide from CO2/N-2 gas mixtures using edge functionalized graphene nanoribbons

Dasgupta, Tonnishtha and Punnathanam, Sudeep N and Ayappa, KG (2014) Effect of functional groups on separating carbon dioxide from CO2/N-2 gas mixtures using edge functionalized graphene nanoribbons. In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE, 121 . pp. 279-291.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ces.2014.07.057


Development of microporous adsorbents for separation and sequestration of carbon dioxide from flue gas streams is an area of active research. In this study, we assess the influence of specific functional groups on the adsorption selectivity of CO2/N-2 mixtures through Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations. Our model system consists of a bilayer graphene nanoribbon that has been edge functionalized with OH, NH2, NO2, CH3 and COOH. Ab initio Moller-Plesset (MP2) calculations with functionalized benzenes are used to obtain binding energies and optimized geometries for CO2 and N-2. This information is used to validate the choice classical forcefields in GCMC simulations. In addition to simulations of adsorption from binary mixtures of CO2 and N-2, the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) is used to predict mixture isotherms. Our study reveals that functionalization always leads to an increase in the adsorption of both CO2 and N-2 with the highest for COOH. However, significant enhancement in the selectivity for CO2 is only seen with COOH functionalized nanoribbons. The COOH functionalization gives a 28% increase in selectivity compared to H terminated nanoribbons, whereas the improvement in the selectivity for other functional groups are much Enure modest. Our study suggests that specific functionalization with COOH groups can provide a material's design strategy to improve CO2 selectivity in microporous adsorbents. Synthesis of graphene nanoplatelets with edge functionalized COOH, which has the potential for large scale production, has recently been reported (Jeon el, al., 2012). (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved,

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Carbon dioxide; Nitrogen; Functionalized graphene nanoribbons; Selectivity; GCMC simulation; Ab initio MP2
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2014 05:43
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2014 05:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50502

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