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Effect of Zirconium on the Densification of Reactively Hot-Pressed Zirconium Carbide

Chakrabarti, Tamoghna and Rangaraj, Lingappa and Jayaram, Vikram (2014) Effect of Zirconium on the Densification of Reactively Hot-Pressed Zirconium Carbide. In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, 97 (10). pp. 3092-3102.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1111/jace.13117


Densification mechanisms involved during reactive hot pressing (RHP) of zirconium carbide (ZrC) have been studied. RHP has been carried out using zirconium (Zr) and graphite (C) powders in the molar ratios 1:0.5, 1:0.67, 1:0.8, and 1:1 at 40MPa, 800 degrees C-1200 degrees C for different durations. The volume fractions of phases formed, including porosity, are determined from the measured density and from Rietveld analysis. Increased densification with an increasing nonstoichiometry in carbon has been observed. Microstructural and X-ray diffraction observations coupled with the predictions of a model based on the constitutive laws governing plastic flow of zirconium suggest that the better densification of nonstoichiometric compositions arise from the higher amount of starting Zr and also the longer duration of its availability for plastic flow during RHP. Volume shrinkage due to reaction between Zr and C and the gradual elimination of the soft metal phase limit the final density achievable. Based on these observations, a two-step RHP carried out at 800 degrees C and 1200 degrees C leads to a better densification than a single RHP at 1200 degrees C.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY-BLACKWELL, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 04:49
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2014 04:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50370

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