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In a hot bubble: why does superbubble feedback work, but isolated supernovae do not?

Sharma, Prateek and Roy, Arpita and Nath, Biman B and Shchekinov, Yuri (2014) In a hot bubble: why does superbubble feedback work, but isolated supernovae do not? In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 443 (4). pp. 3463-3476.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1093/mnras/stu1307


Using idealized one-dimensional Eulerian hydrodynamic simulations, we contrast the behaviour of isolated supernovae with the superbubbles driven by multiple, collocated supernovae. Continuous energy injection via successive supernovae exploding within the hot/dilute bubble maintains a strong termination shock. This strong shock keeps the superbubble over-pressured and drives the outer shock well after it becomes radiative. Isolated supernovae, in contrast, with no further energy injection, become radiative quite early (less than or similar to 0.1Myr, tens of pc), and stall at scales less than or similar to 100 pc. We show that isolated supernovae lose almost all of their mechanical energy by 1 Myr, but superbubbles can retain up to similar to 40 per cent of the input energy in the form of mechanical energy over the lifetime of the star cluster (a few tens of Myr). These conclusions hold even in the presence of realistic magnetic fields and thermal conduction. We also compare various methods for implementing supernova feedback in numerical simulations. For various feedback prescriptions, we derive the spatial scale below which the energy needs to be deposited in order for it to couple to the interstellar medium. We show that a steady thermal wind within the superbubble appears only for a large number (greater than or similar to 10(4)) of supernovae. For smaller clusters, we expect multiple internal shocks instead of a smooth, dense thermalized wind.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the OXFORD UNIV PRESS, GREAT CLARENDON ST, OXFORD OX2 6DP, ENGLAND
Keywords: shock waves; ISM: bubbles; ISM: supernova remnants; galaxies: ISM
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2014 07:27
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2014 07:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50263

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