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Solar driven Adsorption Desalination system

Mitra, S and Srinivasan, K and Kumar, P and Murthy, SS and Dutta, P (2014) Solar driven Adsorption Desalination system. In: International Conference of the SolarPACES, SEP 17-20, 2013, Las Vegas, NE, pp. 2261-2269.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.03.239


Desalination is one of the most traditional processes to generate potable water. With the rise in demand for potable water and paucity of fresh water resources, this process has gained special importance. Conventional thermal desalination processes involves evaporative methods such as multi-stage flash and solar distils, which are found to be energy intensive, whereas reverse osmosis based systems have high operating and maintenance costs. The present work describes the Adsorption Desalination (AD) system, which is an emerging process of thermal desalination cum refrigeration capable of utilizing low grade heat easily obtainable from even non-concentrating type solar collectors. The system employs a combination of flash evaporation and thermal compression to generate cooling and desalinated water. The current study analyses the system dynamics of a 4-bed single stage silica-gel plus water based AD system. A lumped model is developed using conservation of energy and mass coupled with the kinetics of adsorption/desorption process. The constitutive equations for the system components viz. evaporator, adsorber and condenser, are solved and the performance of the system is evaluated for a single stage AD system at various condenser temperatures and cycle times to determine optimum operating conditions required for desalination and cooling. (C) 2013 P. Dutta. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Series.: Energy Procedia
Additional Information: International Conference of the SolarPACES, Las Vegas, NE, SEP 17-20, 2013
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 09:14
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2014 08:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49998

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