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Shaking table tests to investigate the influence of various factors on the liquefaction resistance of sands

Varghese, Renjitha Mary and Latha, Madhavi G (2014) Shaking table tests to investigate the influence of various factors on the liquefaction resistance of sands. In: NATURAL HAZARDS, 73 (3). pp. 1337-1351.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s11069-014-1142-3


This paper presents the shaking table studies to investigate the factors that influence the liquefaction resistance of sand. A uniaxial shaking table with a perspex model container was used for the model tests, and saturated sand beds were prepared using wet pluviation method. The models were subjected to horizontal base shaking, and the variation of pore water pressure was measured. Three series of tests varying the acceleration and frequency of base shaking and density of the soil were carried out on sand beds simulating free field condition. Liquefaction was visualized in some model tests, which was also established through pore water pressure ratios. Effective stress was calculated at the point of pore water pressure measurement, and the number of cycles required to liquefy the sand bed were estimated and matched with visual observations. It was observed that there was a gradual variation in pore water pressure with change in base acceleration at a given frequency of shaking. The variation in pore water pressure is not significant for the range of frequency used in the tests. The frequency of base shaking at which the sand starts to liquefy when the sand bed is subjected to any specific base acceleration depends on the density of sand, and it was observed that the sand does not liquefy at any other frequency less than this. A substantial improvement in liquefaction resistance of the sand was observed with the increase in soil density, inferring that soil densification is a simple technique that can be applied to increase the liquefaction resistance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2014 09:09
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2014 09:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49889

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