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Boundary perturbations and the Helmholtz equation in three dimensions

Panda, S and Hazra, G (2014) Boundary perturbations and the Helmholtz equation in three dimensions. In: EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS, 129 (4).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 0.1140/epjp/i2014-14053-y


We propose an analytic perturbative scheme in the spirit of Lord Rayleigh's work for determining the eigenvalues of the Helmholtz equation in three dimensions inside an arbitrary boundary where the eigenfunction satisfies either the Dirichlet boundary condition or the Neumann boundary condition. Although numerous works are available in the literature for arbitrary boundaries in two dimensions, to the best of our knowledge the formulation in three dimensions is proposed for the first time. In this novel prescription, we have expanded the arbitrary boundary in terms of spherical harmonics about an equivalent sphere and obtained perturbative closed-form solutions at each order for the problem in terms of corrections to the equivalent spherical boundary for both the boundary conditions. This formulation is in parallel with the standard time-independent Rayleigh-Schrodinger perturbation theory. The efficacy of the method is tested by comparing the perturbative values against the numerically calculated eigenvalues for spheroidal, superegg and superquadric shaped boundaries. It is shown that this perturbation works quite well even for wide departure from spherical shape and for higher excited states too. We believe this formulation would find applications in the field of quantum dots and acoustical cavities.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER HEIDELBERG, TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2014 09:10
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2014 09:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49736

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