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A Histidine Aspartate Ionic Lock Gates the Iron Passage in Miniferritins from Mycobacterium smegmatis

Williams, Sunanda Margrett and Chandran, Anu V and Vijayabaskar, Mahalingam S and Roy, Sourav and Balaram, Hemalatha and Vishveshwara, Saraswathi and Vijayan, Mamannamana and Chatterji, Dipankar (2014) A Histidine Aspartate Ionic Lock Gates the Iron Passage in Miniferritins from Mycobacterium smegmatis. In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 289 (16). pp. 11042-11058.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M113.524421


Background: DNA-binding protein from starved cells (Dps) are nano-compartments that can oxidize and store iron rendering protection from free radicals. Results: A histidine-aspartate ionic cluster in mycobaterial Dps2 modulates the rate of iron entry and exit in these proteins. Conclusion: Substitutions that disrupt the cluster interface alter the iron uptake/release properties with localized structural changes. Significance: Identifying important gating residues can help in designing nano-delivery vehicles. Dps (DNA-binding protein from starved cells) are dodecameric assemblies belonging to the ferritin family that can bind DNA, carry out ferroxidation, and store iron in their shells. The ferritin-like trimeric pore harbors the channel for the entry and exit of iron. By representing the structure of Dps as a network we have identified a charge-driven interface formed by a histidine aspartate cluster at the pore interface unique to Mycobacterium smegmatis Dps protein, MsDps2. Site-directed mutagenesis was employed to generate mutants to disrupt the charged interactions. Kinetics of iron uptake/release of the wild type and mutants were compared. Crystal structures were solved at a resolution of 1.8-2.2 for the various mutants to compare structural alterations vis a vis the wild type protein. The substitutions at the pore interface resulted in alterations in the side chain conformations leading to an overall weakening of the interface network, especially in cases of substitutions that alter the charge at the pore interface. Contrary to earlier findings where conserved aspartate residues were found crucial for iron release, we propose here that in the case of MsDps2, it is the interplay of negative-positive potentials at the pore that enables proper functioning of the protein. In similar studies in ferritins, negative and positive patches near the iron exit pore were found to be important in iron uptake/release kinetics. The unique ionic cluster in MsDps2 makes it a suitable candidate to act as nano-delivery vehicle, as these gated pores can be manipulated to exhibit conformations allowing for slow or fast rates of iron release.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC, 9650 ROCKVILLE PIKE, BETHESDA, MD 20814-3996 USA
Keywords: DNA-binding Protein; Ion Channels; Iron; Mycobacterium; X-ray Crystallography; Mycobacterium smegmatis; Ionic Cluster; Iron Oxidation
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2014 11:03
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2014 11:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49258

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