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Role of orography in modulating space-time scales of convection over South Asia

Chakraborty, Arindam and Nanjundiah, Ravi S (2014) Role of orography in modulating space-time scales of convection over South Asia. In: THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, 116 (3-4). pp. 549-564.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-013-0963-4


Propagation of convective systems in the meridional direction during boreal summer is responsible for active and break phases of monsoon over south Asia. This region is unique in the world in its characteristics of monsoon variability and is in close proximity of mountains like the Himalayas. Here, using an atmospheric general circulation model, we try to understand the role of orography in determining spatial and temporal scales of these convective systems. Absence of orography (noGlOrog) decreased the simulated seasonal mean precipitation over India by 23 % due to delay in onset by about a month vis-a-vis the full-mountain case. In noGlOrog, poleward propagations were absent during the delayed period prior to onset. Post-onset, both simulations had similar patterns of poleward propagations. The spatial and temporal scales of propagating clouds bands were determined using wavelet analysis. These scales were found to be different in full-mountain and no-mountain experiments in June-July. However, after the onset of monsoon in noGlOrog, these scales become similar to that with orography. Simulations with two different sets of convection schemes confirmed this result. Further analysis shows that the absence (presence) of meridional propagations during early (late) phase of summer monsoon in noGlOrog was associated with weaker (stronger) vertical shear of zonal wind over south Asia. Our study shows that orography plays a major role in determining the time of onset over the Indian region. However, after onset, basic characteristics of propagating convective systems and therefore the monthly precipitation over India, are less sensitive to the presence of orography and are modulated by moist convective processes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the SPRINGER WIEN, AUSTRIA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2014 10:29
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 10:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49170

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