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Vertical Uplift Resistance of Pipes Buried in Sand

Chakraborty, Debarghya and Kumar, Jyant (2014) Vertical Uplift Resistance of Pipes Buried in Sand. In: JOURNAL OF PIPELINE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND PRACTICE, 5 (1).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)PS.1949-1204.00001...


By incorporating the variation of peak soil friction angle (phi) with mean principal stress (sigma(m)), the effect of pipe diameter (D) on the vertical uplift resistance of a long horizontal pipeline embedded in sand has been investigated. The analysis has been performed by using the lower bound finite-element limit analysis in combination with nonlinear optimization. Three well-defined phi versus sigma(m) curves reported from literature for different sands have been used. It is observed that for a given embedment ratio, with an increase in pipe diameter, the magnitude of the uplift factor (F-gamma) reduces quite significantly, which indicates the importance of considering scale effects while designing buried pipe lines. The scale effects have been found to become even more substantial with an increase in the embedment ratio. The analysis compares well with various theoretical results reported from literature. On the other hand, as compared to available centrifuge test results, the present analysis has been found to provide quite a higher magnitude of the uplift resistance when the theoretical prediction is based on peak soil friction angle. However, if the theoretical analysis is performed by using the friction angle that accounts for the progressive shear failure, the difference between the theoretical and centrifuge test results decreases quite significantly.(C) 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS, USA
Keywords: Buried pipelines; Finite elements; Limit analysis; Plasticity; Sand; Scale effect; Uplift resistance
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2014 08:47
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2014 08:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49147

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