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Enhanced Gas Adsorption on Graphitic Substrates via Defects and Local Curvature: A Density Functional Theory Study

Dutta, Debosruti and Wood, Brandon C and Bhide, Shreyas Y and Ayappa, Ganapathy K and Narasimhan, Shobhana (2014) Enhanced Gas Adsorption on Graphitic Substrates via Defects and Local Curvature: A Density Functional Theory Study. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 118 (15). pp. 7741-7750.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp411338a


Using van-der-Waals-corrected density functional theory calculations, we explore the possibility of engineering the local structure and morphology of high-surface-area graphene-derived materials to improve the uptake of methane and carbon dioxide for gas storage and sensing. We test the sensitivity of the gas adsorption energy to the introduction of native point defects, curvature, and the application of strain. The binding energy at topological point defect sites is inversely correlated with the number of missing carbon atoms, causing Stone-Wales defects to show the largest enhancement with respect to pristine graphene (similar to 20%). Improvements of similar magnitude are observed at concavely curved surfaces in buckled graphene sheets under compressive strain, whereas tensile strain tends to weaken gas binding. Trends for CO2 and CH4 are, similar, although CO2 binding is generally stronger by similar to 4 to 5 kJ mol(-1). However, the differential between the adsorption of CO2 and CH4 is much higher on folded graphene sheets and at concave curvatures; this could possibly be leveraged for CH4/CO2 flow separation and gasselective sensors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, USA.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2014 10:28
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 10:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49123

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