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Specific Sequence of a Beta Turn in Human La Protein May Contribute to Species Specificity of Hepatitis C Virus

Kumar, Anuj and Manna, Asit Kumar and Ray, Upasana and Mullick, Ranajoy and Basu, Gautam and Das, Saumitra and Roy, Siddhartha (2014) Specific Sequence of a Beta Turn in Human La Protein May Contribute to Species Specificity of Hepatitis C Virus. In: JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, 88 (8). pp. 4319-4327.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00049-14


Human La protein is known to be an essential host factor for translation and replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA. Previously, we have demonstrated that residues responsible for interaction of human La protein with the HCV internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) around the initiator AUG within stem-loop IV form a beta-turn in the RNA recognition motif (RRM) structure. In this study, sequence alignment and mutagenesis suggest that the HCV RNA-interacting beta-turn is conserved only in humans and chimpanzees, the species primarily known to be infected by HCV. A 7-mer peptide corresponding to the HCV RNA-interacting region of human La inhibits HCV translation, whereas another peptide corresponding to the mouse La sequence was unable to do so. Furthermore, IRES-mediated translation was found to be significantly high in the presence of recombinant human La protein in vitro in rabbit reticulocyte lysate. We observed enhanced replication with HCV subgenomic and full-length replicons upon overexpression of either human La protein or a chimeric mouse La protein harboring a human La beta-turn sequence in mouse cells. Taken together, our results raise the possibility of creating an immunocompetent HCV mouse model using human-specific cell entry factors and a humanized form of La protein.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY, USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 23 May 2014 06:34
Last Modified: 23 May 2014 06:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49029

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