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Self Catalytic Growth of Indium Oxide (In2O3) Nanowires by Resistive Thermal Evaporation

Kumar, Rakesh R and Rao, Narasimha K and Rajanna, K and Phani, AR (2014) Self Catalytic Growth of Indium Oxide (In2O3) Nanowires by Resistive Thermal Evaporation. In: JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 14 (7). pp. 5485-5490.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2014.8696


Self catalytic growth of Indium Oxide (In2O3) nanowires (NWs) have been grown by resistive thermal evaporation of Indium (In) in the presence of oxygen without use of any additional metal catalyst. Nanowires growth took place at low substrate temperature of 370-420 degrees C at an applied current of 180-200 A to the evaporation boat. Morphology, microstructures, and compositional studies of the grown nanowires were performed by employing field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) respectively. Nanowires were uniformly grown over the entire Si substrate and each of the nanowire is capped with a catalyst particle at their end. X-ray diffraction study reveals the crystalline nature of the grown nanowires. Transmission electron microscopy study on the nanowires further confirmed the single crystalline nature of the nanowires. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis on the nanowires and capped nanoparticle confirmed that Indium act as catalyst for In2O3 nanowires growth. A self catalytic Vapor-Liquid-Solid (VLS) growth mechanism was responsible for the growth of In2O3 nanowires. Effect of oxygen partial pressure variation and variation of applied currents to the evaporation boat on the nanowires growth was systematically studied. These studies concluded that at oxygen partial pressure in the range of 4 x 10(-4), 6 x 10(-4) mbar at applied currents to the evaporation boat of 180-200 A were the best conditions for good nanowires growth. Finally, we observed another mode of VLS growth along with the standard VLS growth mode for In2O3 nanowires similar to the growth mechanism reported for GaAs nanowires.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS, 26650 THE OLD RD, STE 208, VALENCIA, CA 91381-0751 USA
Keywords: Nanocrystalline Materials; In2O3 Nanowires; Low Temperature Growth; Self Catalytic Growth; Physical Vapor Deposition
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Date Deposited: 23 May 2014 05:56
Last Modified: 23 May 2014 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48970

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