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Size Control and Magnetic Property Trends in Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Synthesized Using an Aqueous Chemical Route

Kuruva, Praveena and Matteppanavar, Shidaling and Srinath, S and Thomas, Tiju (2014) Size Control and Magnetic Property Trends in Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Synthesized Using an Aqueous Chemical Route. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, 50 (1, 2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMAG.2013.2283467


Cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) is an engineering material which is used for applications such as magnetic cores, magnetic switches, hyperthermia based tumor treatment, and as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. Utility of ferrites nanoparticles hinges on its size, dispersibility in solutions, and synthetic control over its coercivity. In this work, we establish correlations between room temperature co-precipitation conditions, and these crucial materials parameters. Furthermore, post-synthesis annealing conditions are correlated with morphology, changes in crystal structure and magnetic properties. We disclose the synthesis and process conditions helpful in obtaining easily sinterable CoFe2O4 nanoparticles with coercive magnetic flux density (H-c) in the range 5.5-31.9 kA/m and M-s in the range 47.9-84.9 A.m(2)Kg(-1). At a grain size of similar to 54 +/- 2 nm (corresponding to 1073 K sintering temperature), multi-domain behavior sets in, which is indicated by a decrease in H-c. In addition, we observe an increase in lattice constant with respect to grain size, which is the inverse of what is expected of in ferrites. Our results suggest that oxygen deficiency plays a crucial role in explaining this inverse trend. We expect the method disclosed here to be a viable and scalable alternative to thermal decomposition based CoFe2O4 synthesis. The magnetic trends reported will aid in the optimization of functional CoFe2O4 nanoparticles

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, USA
Keywords: Cobalt compounds; ferrimagnetic materials; ferrites; magnetic materials
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 12 May 2014 09:34
Last Modified: 12 May 2014 09:34
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48926

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