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Copula-Based Modeling of TMI Brightness Temperature With Rainfall Type

Indu, J and Kumar, Nagesh D (2014) Copula-Based Modeling of TMI Brightness Temperature With Rainfall Type. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 52 (8). pp. 4832-4845.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2013.2285225


Overland rain retrieval using spaceborne microwave radiometer offers a myriad of complications as land presents itself as a radiometrically warm and highly variable background. Hence, land rainfall algorithms of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) have traditionally incorporated empirical relations of microwave brightness temperature (Tb) with rain rate, rather than relying on physically based radiative transfer modeling of rainfall (as implemented in the TMI ocean algorithm). In this paper, sensitivity analysis is conducted using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient as benchmark, to estimate the best combination of TMI low-frequency channels that are highly sensitive to the near surface rainfall rate from the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). Results indicate that the TMI channel combinations not only contain information about rainfall wherein liquid water drops are the dominant hydrometeors but also aid in surface noise reduction over a predominantly vegetative land surface background. Furthermore, the variations of rainfall signature in these channel combinations are not understood properly due to their inherent uncertainties and highly nonlinear relationship with rainfall. Copula theory is a powerful tool to characterize the dependence between complex hydrological variables as well as aid in uncertainty modeling by ensemble generation. Hence, this paper proposes a regional model using Archimedean copulas, to study the dependence of TMI channel combinations with respect to precipitation, over the land regions of Mahanadi basin, India, using version 7 orbital data from the passive and active sensors on board TRMM, namely, TMI and PR. Studies conducted for different rainfall regimes over the study area show the suitability of Clayton and Gumbel copulas for modeling convective and stratiform rainfall types for the majority of the intraseasonal months. Furthermore, large ensembles of TMI Tb (from the most sensitive TMI channel combination) were generated conditional on various quantiles (25th, 50th, 75th, and 95th) of the convective and the stratiform rainfall. Comparatively greater ambiguity was observed to model extreme values of the convective rain type. Finally, the efficiency of the proposed model was tested by comparing the results with traditionally employed linear and quadratic models. Results reveal the superior performance of the proposed copula-based technique.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC, USA
Keywords: Copula; quantile regression; river basin; Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2014 06:41
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2014 06:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48899

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