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Low temperature synthesis of pure cubic ZrO2 nanopowder: Structural and luminescence studies

Prakashbabu, D and Krishna, Hari R and Nagabhushana, BM and Nagabhushana, H and Shivakumara, C and Chakradar, RPS and Ramalingam, HB and Sharma, SC and Chandramohan, R (2014) Low temperature synthesis of pure cubic ZrO2 nanopowder: Structural and luminescence studies. In: SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART A-MOLECULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY, 122 . pp. 216-222.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.11.043


Pure cubic zirconia (ZrO2) nanopowder is prepared for the first time by simple low temperature solution combustion method without calcination. The product is characterized by Powder X-ray Diffraction (PXRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Fourier Transform Infra Red spectroscopy (FTIR) and Ultraviolet-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The PXRD showed the formation of pure stable cubic ZrO2 nanopowders with average crystallite size ranging from 6 to 12 nm. The lattice parameters were calculated from Rietveld refinement method. SEM micrograph shows fluffy, mesoporous, agglomerated particles with large number of voids. TEM micrograph shows honey comb like arrangement of particles with particle size similar to 10 nm. The PL emission spectrum excited at 210 nm and 240 nm consists of intense bands centered at similar to 365 and similar to 390 nm. Both the samples show shoulder peak at 420 nm, along with four weak emission bands at similar to 484, similar to 528, similar to 614 and similar to 726 nm. TL studies were carried out pre-irradiating samples with gamma-rays ranging from 1 to 5 KGy at room temperature. A well resolved glow peak at 377 degrees C is recorded which can be ascribed to deep traps. With increase in gamma radiation there is linear increase in TL intensity which shows the possible use of ZrO2 as dosimetric material. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, ENGLAND
Keywords: Cubic zirconia; Combustion synthesis; Photoluminescence; Thermoluminescence; Kinetic parameters
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 05:46
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2014 05:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48821

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