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Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Studies of Hemoglobin Confined Inside Silica Tubes of Varying Sizes

Mandal, Soumit S and Cristiglio, Viviana and Lindner, Peter and Bhattacharyya, Aninda J (2014) Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Studies of Hemoglobin Confined Inside Silica Tubes of Varying Sizes. In: CHEMPHYSCHEM, 15 (2). pp. 302-309.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cphc.201300863


In addition to the chemical nature of the surface, the dimensions of the confining host exert a significant influence on confined protein structures; this results in immense biological implications, especially those concerning the enzymatic activities of the protein. This study probes the structure of hemoglobin (Hb), a model protein, confined inside silica tubes with pore diameters that vary by one order of magnitude (approximate to 20-200 nm). The effect of confinement on the protein structure is probed by comparison with the structure of the protein in solution. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), which provides information on protein tertiary and quaternary structures, is employed to study the influence of the tube pore diameter on the structure and configuration of the confined protein in detail. Confinement significantly influences the structural stability of Hb and the structure depends on the Si-tube pore diameter. The high radius of gyration (R-g) and polydispersity of Hb in the 20 nm diameter Si-tube indicates that Hb undergoes a significant amount of aggregation. However, for Si-tube diameters greater or equal to 100 nm, the R-g of Hb is found to be in very close proximity to that obtained from the protein data bank (PDB) reported structure (R-g of native Hb=23.8 angstrom). This strongly indicates that the protein has a preference for the more native-like non-aggregated state if confined inside tubes of diameter greater or equal to 100 nm. Further insight into the Hb structure is obtained from the distance distribution function, p(r), and ab initio models calculated from the SANS patterns. These also suggest that the Si-tube size is a key parameter for protein stability and structure.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, GERMANY
Keywords: confinement effect; hemoglobin; host-guest systems; nanotubes; small-angle neutron scattering
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2014 08:09
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2014 08:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48736

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