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Micropillar and macropillar compression responses of magnesium single crystals oriented for single slip or extension twinning

Prasad, Eswar K and Rajesh, K and Ramamurty, U. (2014) Micropillar and macropillar compression responses of magnesium single crystals oriented for single slip or extension twinning. In: ACTA MATERIALIA, 65 . pp. 316-325.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2013.10.073


Uniaxial compression experiments were conducted on two magnesium (Mg) single crystals whose crystallographic orientations facilitate the deformation either by basal slip or by extension twinning. Specimen size effects were examined by conducting experiments on mu m- and mm-sized samples. A marked specimen size effect was noticed, with micropillars exhibiting significantly higher flow stress than bulk samples. Further, it is observed that the twin nucleation stress exerts strong size dependence, with micropillars requiring substantially higher stress than the bulk samples. The flow curves obtained on the bulk samples are smooth whereas those obtained from micropillars exhibit intermittent and precipitous stress drops. Electron backscattered diffraction and microstructural analyses of the deformed samples reveal that the plastic deformation in basal slip oriented crystals occurs only by slip while twin oriented crystals deform by both slip and twinning modes. The twin oriented crystals exhibit a higher strain hardening during plastic deformation when compared to the single slip oriented crystals. The strain hardening rate, theta, of twin oriented crystals is considerably greater in micropillars compared to the bulk single crystals, suggesting the prevalence of different work hardening mechanisms at these different sample sizes. (C) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Magnesium; Deformation twinning; Strain hardening rate; Size-effect; Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD)
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2014 07:56
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2014 07:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48725

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