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Low embodied energy cement stabilised rammed earth building-A case study

Reddy, Venkatarama BV and Leuzinger, Georg and Sreeram, VS (2014) Low embodied energy cement stabilised rammed earth building-A case study. In: ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 68 (A). pp. 541-546.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.09.051


Rammed earth is a monolithic construction and the construction process involves compaction of processed soil in progressive layers in a rigid formwork. Durable and thinner load bearing walls can be built using stabilised rammed earth. Use of inorganic additives such as cement for rammed earth walls has been in practice since the last 5-6 decades and cement stabilised rammed earth (CSRE) buildings can be seen across the world. The paper deals with the construction aspects, structural design and embodied energy analysis of a three storey load bearing school building complex. The CSRE school complex consists of 15 classrooms, an open air theatre and a service block. The complex has a built-up area of 1691.3 m(2) and was constructed employing manual construction techniques. This case study shows low embodied energy of 1.15 GJ/m(2) for the CSRE building as against 3-4 GJ/m(2) for conventional burnt clay brick load bearing masonry buildings. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the
Keywords: Rammed earth; Cement stabilisation; Stabilised soil; Embodied energy
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2014 08:47
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2014 08:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48426

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