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Differential Action of Glycoprotein Hormones: Significance in Cancer Progression

Govindaraj, Vijayakumar and Arya, Swathy V and Rao, AJ (2014) Differential Action of Glycoprotein Hormones: Significance in Cancer Progression. In: HORMONES & CANCER, 5 (1). pp. 1-10.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12672-013-0164-8


Growth of multicellular organisms depends on maintenance of proper balance between proliferation and differentiation. Any disturbance in this balance in animal cells can lead to cancer. Experimental evidence is provided to conclude with special reference to the action of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on Sertoli cells, and luteinizing hormone (LH) on Leydig cells that these hormones exert a differential action on their target cells, i.e., stimulate proliferation when the cells are in an undifferentiated state which is the situation with cancer cells and promote only functional parameters when the cell are fully differentiated. Hormones and growth factors play a key role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. There is a growing body of evidence that various tumors express some hormones at high levels as well as their cognate receptors indicating the possibility of a role in progression of cancer. Hormones such as LH, FSH, and thyroid-stimulating hormone have been reported to stimulate cell proliferation and act as tumor promoter in a variety of hormone-dependent cancers including gonads, lung, thyroid, uterus, breast, prostate, etc. This review summarizes evidence to conclude that these hormones are produced by some cancer tissues to promote their own growth. Also an attempt is made to explain the significance of the differential action of hormones in progression of cancer with special reference to prostate cancer.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: HORMONES & CANCER
Publisher: SPRINGER
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the SPRINGER,USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2014 05:16
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2014 05:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48411

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