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Mitochondria-Targeting Oxidovanadium(IV) Complex as a Near-IR Light Photocytotoxic Agent

Prasad, Puja and Khan, Imran and Kondaiah, Paturu and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2013) Mitochondria-Targeting Oxidovanadium(IV) Complex as a Near-IR Light Photocytotoxic Agent. In: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 19 (51). pp. 17445-17455.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201303487


Oxidovanadium(IV) complexes VO(L-1)(phen)]Cl (1) and VO(L-2)(L-3)]Cl (2), in which HL1 is 2-{(benzimidazol-2-yl)methylimino]-methyl}phenol (sal-ambmz), HL2 is 2-({1-(anthracen-9-yl)methyl]-benzimidazol-2-yl}methylimino)-met hyl]phenol (sal-an-ambmz), phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and L-3 is dipyrido3,2-a:2,3-c]phenazine (dppz) conjugated to a Gly-Gly-OMe dipeptide moiety, were prepared, characterized, and their DNA binding, photoinduced DNA-cleavage, and photocytotoxic properties were studied. Fluorescence microscopy studies were performed by using complex 2 in HeLa and HaCaT cells. Complex 1, structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography, has a vanadyl group in VO2N4 core with the VO2+ moiety bonded to N,N-donor phen and a N,N,O-donor Schiff base. Complex 2, having an anthracenyl fluorophore, showed fluorescence emission bands at 397, 419, and 443nm. The complexes are redox-active exhibiting the V(IV)/V(III) redox couple near -0.85V versus SCE in DMF 0.1M tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP). Complex 2, having a dipeptide moiety, showed specific binding towards poly(dAdT)(2) sequence. The dppz-Gly-Gly-OMe complex showed significant DNA photocleavage activity in red light of 705nm through a hydroxyl radical ((OH)-O-.) pathway. Complex 2 showed photocytotoxicity in HaCaT and HeLa cells in visible light (400-700nm) and red light (620-700nm), however, the complex was less toxic in the dark. Fluorescence microscopy revealed the localization of complex 2 primarily in mitochondria. Apoptosis was found to occur inside mitochondria (intrinsic pathway) caused by ROS generation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH,GERMANY
Keywords: apoptosis; bioinorganic chemistry; cell imaging; DNA; photodynamic therapy
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2014 08:51
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2014 08:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48206

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