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Vishnievsky, AI and Sampath, S and Upadhyay, CS (1958) ABOUT FORMS OF ELECTRONIC AND IONIC DEVICES WITH THERMIONIC CATHODES. In: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, 40 (4). pp. 150-164.

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The miniaturization of electronic and ionic devices with thermionic cathodes and thc improvement of their vacuum properties are questions of very great interest to the electronic engineer. However there have bcen no proposals so far to analyse the problem of miniaturization of such devices In a fundamental way. The present work suggests a choice of the geometrical shape of the cathode, the anode and the envelope of the device, that may help towards such a fundamcnlal approach.It is shown that a design, in which the cathode and the envelope of the tube are made of thm prismatic shape and the anode coincides with the cnvclope, offers a slriknrg advantage over the conventional cylindrical design, in respect of over-all size. The use of the prismatic shape will lead to considerable economy in msterials and may facilitate simpler prodoct~ont echn~ques. I n respect of the miin criteria of vacuum, namely the grade of vacuum, the internal volume occupied by residual gases, the evolution of gases in the internal space and the diffusion of gases from outside into the devicc, it is shown that the prismatic form is at least as good as, if not somewhat superior lo, the cylindrical form.In the actual construction of thin prismatic tubes, manv practical problems will arise, the most important being the mechanical strength and stablity of the structure. But the changeover from the conventional cylindrical to the new prirmaiic form, with its basic advantages, is a development that merits close attention.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the Indian Institute of Science
Publisher: Indian Institute of SCience
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the IISc
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2013 10:06
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2013 10:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48019

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