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Predictability of nonstationary time series using wavelet and EMD based ARMA models

Karthikeyan, L and Kumar, Nagesh D (2013) Predictability of nonstationary time series using wavelet and EMD based ARMA models. In: JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 502 . pp. 103-119.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.08.030


Research has been undertaken to ascertain the predictability of non-stationary time series using wavelet and Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) based time series models. Methods have been developed in the past to decompose a time series into components. Forecasting of these components combined with random component could yield predictions. Using this ideology, wavelet and EMD analyses have been incorporated separately which decomposes a time series into independent orthogonal components with both time and frequency localizations. The component series are fit with specific auto-regressive models to obtain forecasts which are later combined to obtain the actual predictions. Four non-stationary streamflow sites (USGS data resources) of monthly total volumes and two non-stationary gridded rainfall sites (IMD) of monthly total rainfall are considered for the study. The predictability is checked for six and twelve months ahead forecasts across both the methodologies. Based on performance measures, it is observed that wavelet based method has better prediction capabilities over EMD based method despite some of the limitations of time series methods and the manner in which decomposition takes place. Finally, the study concludes that the wavelet based time series algorithm can be used to model events such as droughts with reasonable accuracy. Also, some modifications that can be made in the model have been discussed that could extend the scope of applicability to other areas in the field of hydrology. (C) 2013 Elesvier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCIENCE NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Time series analysis; Prediction; Wavelets; Streamflow; Rainfall
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2013 05:22
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2013 05:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47977

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