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Small-scale mechanical testing of materials

Jaya, Nagamani B and Alam, Md Zafir (2013) Small-scale mechanical testing of materials. In: CURRENT SCIENCE, 105 (8). pp. 1073-1099.

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Official URL: http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/105/08/107...


Small-scale mechanical testing of materials has gained prominence in the last decade or so due to the continuous miniaturization of components and devices in everyday application. This review describes the various micro-fabrication processes associated with the preparation of miniaturized specimens, geometries of test specimens and the small scale testing techniques used to determine the mechanical behaviour of materials at the length scales of a few hundred micro-meters and below. This is followed by illustrative examples in a selected class of materials. The choice of the case studies is based on the relevance of the materials used in today's world: evaluation of mechanical properties of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), applied for enhanced high temperature protection of advanced gas turbine engine components, is essential since its failure by fracture leads to the collapse of the engine system. Si-based substrates, though brittle, are indispensible for MEMS/NEMS applications. Biological specimens, whose response to mechanical loads is important to ascertain their role in diseases and to mimic their structure for attaining high fracture toughness and impact resistance. An insight into the mechanisms behind the observed size effects in metallic systems can be exploited to achieve excellent strength at the nano-scale. A future outlook of where all this is heading is also presented.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to INDIAN ACAD SCIENCES,BANGALORE
Keywords: Electropolishing; materials; micro-fabrication technique
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2014 09:39
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2014 09:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47969

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