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Platinum Ion-Doped TiO2: High Catalytic Activity of Pt2+ with Oxide Ion Vacancy in Ti1-x4+Ptx2+O2-x Compared to Pt4+ without Oxide Ion Vacancy in Ti1-x4+Ptx4+O2

Mukri, Bhaskar Devu and Waghmare, Umesh V and Hegde, MS (2013) Platinum Ion-Doped TiO2: High Catalytic Activity of Pt2+ with Oxide Ion Vacancy in Ti1-x4+Ptx2+O2-x Compared to Pt4+ without Oxide Ion Vacancy in Ti1-x4+Ptx4+O2. In: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 25 (19). pp. 3822-3833.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm4015404


Ti0.97Pt0.032+O1.97 and Ti0.97Pt0.034+O2 have been synthesized by a solution combustion method using alanine and glycine as the fuels, respectively. Both crystallize in anatase TiO2 structure with 15 nm average crystallite size. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed Pt ions are in the 2+ state in Ti0.97Pt0.03O1.97 (alanine) and 4+ state in Ti0.97Pt0.03O2 (glycine). The rate of CO oxidation occurring over Ti0.97Pt0.032+O1.97 (0.76 mu mol.g(-1).s(-1)) is similar to 10, times more than that over Ti0.97Pt0.034+O2 at 60 degrees C (0.08 mu mol.g(-1).s(-1)). A large shift in 100% hydrocarbons conversion to lower temperature was observed for Pt2+ ion-substituted TiO2 relative 10 that for Pt4+ ion-substituted TiO2. After reoxidation of the reduced compound by H-2 as well as CO, Pt ions are stabilized in mixed valences, 2+ and 4+ states. The role of oxide ion vacancy has been demonstrated by CO oxidation and H-2 + O-2 recombination reactions in the presence and absence of O-2. We analyze the activated lattice oxygens upon substitution of Pt2+ and Pt4+ ions in TiO2, using first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations with supercells of Ti31Pt1O63, Ti30Pt2O62, and Ti29Pt3O61 for Pt2+ ion substitution and Ti31Pt1O64, Ti30Pt2O62, and Ti29Pt3O61 for Pt4+ ion substitution in TiO2. We find that the local structure of Pt2+ ion has a distorted square planar geometry and that of Pt4+ ion has an octahedral geometry similar to that of Ti4+ ion in pure TiO2. The change in coordination of Pt2+ ion gives rise to weakly bonded oxygens, and these oxygens are involved in high rates of catalytic reaction. Thus, the high catalytic activity results from synergistic roles of Pt2+ ion and oxide ion vacancy and weakly bonded lattice oxygen.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for their article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Keywords: solution combustion method; XPS; H-2-TPR; CO and hydrocarbon oxidation; H-2 + O-2; oxide ion vacancy; first-principles calculations
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 12:13
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2013 12:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47891

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