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A Novel Monte-Carlo-Sampling-Based Receiver for Large-Scale Uplink Multiuser MIMO Systems

Datta, Tanumay and Kumar, Ashok N and Chockalingam, A and Rajan, Sundar B (2013) A Novel Monte-Carlo-Sampling-Based Receiver for Large-Scale Uplink Multiuser MIMO Systems. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, 62 (7). pp. 3019-3038.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2013.2260572


In this paper, we propose low-complexity algorithms based on Monte Carlo sampling for signal detection and channel estimation on the uplink in large-scale multiuser multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems with tens to hundreds of antennas at the base station (BS) and a similar number of uplink users. A BS receiver that employs a novel mixed sampling technique (which makes a probabilistic choice between Gibbs sampling and random uniform sampling in each coordinate update) for detection and a Gibbs-sampling-based method for channel estimation is proposed. The algorithm proposed for detection alleviates the stalling problem encountered at high signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) in conventional Gibbs-sampling-based detection and achieves near-optimal performance in large systems with M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM). A novel ingredient in the detection algorithm that is responsible for achieving near-optimal performance at low complexity is the joint use of a mixed Gibbs sampling (MGS) strategy coupled with a multiple restart (MR) strategy with an efficient restart criterion. Near-optimal detection performance is demonstrated for a large number of BS antennas and users (e. g., 64 and 128 BS antennas and users). The proposed Gibbs-sampling-based channel estimation algorithm refines an initial estimate of the channel obtained during the pilot phase through iterations with the proposed MGS-based detection during the data phase. In time-division duplex systems where channel reciprocity holds, these channel estimates can be used for multiuser MIMO precoding on the downlink. The proposed receiver is shown to achieve good performance and scale well for large dimensions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to IEEE Xplore
Keywords: Channel estimation; detection; Gibbs sampling; large-scale multiuser multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) system; multiple restarts (MRs); randomized sampling; stalling problem
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2013 06:35
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2013 06:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47620

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