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Role of outer membrane exopolymers of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in adsorption of cells onto pyrite and chalcopyrite

Chandraprabha, MN and Natarajan, KA (2013) Role of outer membrane exopolymers of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in adsorption of cells onto pyrite and chalcopyrite. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MINERAL PROCESSING, 123 . pp. 152-157.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.minpro.2013.06.002


Bacterial surface polymers play a major role in the adhesion of bacterial cells to solid surfaces. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are essential constituents of the cell walls of almost all Gram-negative bacteria. This paper reports the results of the investigations on the role of outer membrane exopolymers (LPS) of the chemolithotroph, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, in adsorption of the cells onto pyrite and chalcopyrite. Optimization of EDTA treatment for removal of LPS from cell surface and the surface characterization of EDTA-treated cells are outlined. There was no change in cell morphology or loss in cell motility upon treatment with upto 0.04 mM EDTA for 1 h. Partial removal of LPS by EDTA treatment resulted in reduced adsorption of the cells on both pyrite and chalcopyrite. The protein profile of the EDTA-extractable fraction showed presence of certain outer membrane proteins indicating that EDTA treatment results in temporary gaps in the outer membrane. Also, specificity towards pyrite compared to chalcopyrite that was exhibited by untreated cells was lost when their exopolymer layers were stripped off, which could be attributed to the role of outer membrane proteins in the mineral-specificity exhibited by the bacteria. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Science Direct
Keywords: Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans; Exopolymers; Minerals; Adsorption
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2013 11:37
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2013 11:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47515

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