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Defect induced optical bandgap narrowing in undoped SnO2 nanocrystals

Kamble, Vinayak B and Umarji, Arun M (2013) Defect induced optical bandgap narrowing in undoped SnO2 nanocrystals. In: AIP Advances, 3 (8). 082120_1-082120_5.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4819451


Unusual optical bandgap narrowing is observed in undoped SnO2 nanoparticles synthesized by the solution combustion method. The estimated crystallite size is nearly 7 nm. Though the quantum confinement effect predicts a larger optical bandgap for materials with small crystallite size than the bulk, the optical bandgap in the as synthesized materials is found to be 2.9 eV compared to the reported value of 3.6 eV for bulk SnO2 particles. The yellow-green photoluminescence emissions and the observed narrowing of the bandgap can be attributed to the deep donor levels of oxygen vacancies, owing to the high exothermicity of the combustion reaction and the faster cooling rates involved in the process.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: AIP Advances
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2013 05:39
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2013 05:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47494

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