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Albumin-mediated incorporation of water-insoluble therapeutics in layer-by-layer assembled thin films and microcapsules

Mohanta, Vaishakhi and Madras, Giridhar and Patil, Satish (2013) Albumin-mediated incorporation of water-insoluble therapeutics in layer-by-layer assembled thin films and microcapsules. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY B, 1 (37). pp. 4819-4827.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3tb20592d


The present study demonstrates a method to deliver hydrophobic drugs by incorporation into thin films and microcapsules fabricated via a layer-by-layer assembly approach. The hydrophobic molecule binding properties of albumin have been exploited for solubilization of a water-insoluble molecule, pyrene (model drug), by preparation of non-covalent conjugates with bovine serum albumin (BSA). Conjugation with BSA renders a highly negative zeta potential to the previously uncharged pyrene which favors the assembly formation by electrostatic interaction with a positively charged polyelectrolyte, chitosan (at acidic pH). The growth of the assembly was followed by monitoring pyrene absorbance with successive layer deposition. The thin film assembly was demonstrated to be capable of releasing its hydrophobic cargo under physiological conditions. We demonstrated the applicability of this approach by encapsulating a water-insoluble drug, curcumin. These assemblies were further loaded with the anti-cancer drug Doxorubicin. Biocompatible calcium carbonate microparticles were used for capsule preparation. The porous nature of the microparticles allows for the pre-encapsulation of therapeutic macromolecules like protein. The fabrication of protein encapsulated stable microcapsules with hydrophobic molecules incorporated into the shell of the microcapsules has been demonstrated. The microcapsules were further capable of loading hydrophilic molecules like Rhodamine B. Thus, using the approach described, a multi-agent carrier for hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs as well as therapeutic macromolecules can be envisioned.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the Royal Society of Chemistry
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2013 10:53
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2013 10:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47451

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