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State estimation in power systems using linear model infinity norm-based trust region approach

Kumar, Seshadri Sravan and Dhadbanjan, Thukaram (2013) State estimation in power systems using linear model infinity norm-based trust region approach. In: IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 7 (5). pp. 500-510.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2012.0473


State estimation is one of the most important functions in an energy control centre. An computationally efficient state estimator which is free from numerical instability/ill-conditioning is essential for security assessment of electric power grid. Whereas approaches to successfully overcome the numerical ill-conditioning issues have been proposed, an efficient algorithm for addressing the convergence issues in the presence of topological errors is yet to be evolved. Trust region (TR) methods have been successfully employed to overcome the divergence problem to certain extent. In this study, case studies are presented where the conventional algorithms including the existing TR methods would fail to converge. A linearised model-based TR method for successfully overcoming the convergence issues is proposed. On the computational front, unlike the existing TR methods for state estimation which employ quadratic models, the proposed linear model-based estimator is computationally efficient because the model minimiser can be computed in a single step. The model minimiser at each step is computed by minimising the linearised model in the presence of TR and measurement mismatch constraints. The infinity norm is used to define the geometry of the TR. Measurement mismatch constraints are employed to improve the accuracy. The proposed algorithm is compared with the quadratic model-based TR algorithm with case studies on the IEEE 30-bus system, 205-bus and 514-bus equivalent systems of part of Indian grid.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
Publisher: Institution of Engineering and Technology-IET
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institution of Engineering and Technology-IET.
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2013 12:13
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2013 12:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47227

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