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Costs and benefits of the presence of leopards to the sport-hunting industry and local communities in Niassa national reserve, mozambique

Jorge, Agostinho A and Vanak, Abi T and Thaker, Maria and Begg, Colleen and Slotow, Rob (2013) Costs and benefits of the presence of leopards to the sport-hunting industry and local communities in Niassa national reserve, mozambique. In: Conservation Biology, 27 (4). pp. 832-843.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12082


Sport hunting is often proposed as a tool to support the conservation of large carnivores. However, it is challenging to provide tangible economic benefits from this activity as an incentive for local people to conserve carnivores. We assessed economic gains from sport hunting and poaching of leopards (Panthera pardus), costs of leopard depredation of livestock, and attitudes of people toward leopards in Niassa National Reserve, Mozambique. We sent questionnaires to hunting concessionaires (n = 8) to investigate the economic value of and the relative importance of leopards relative to other key trophy-hunted species. We asked villagers (n = 158) the number of and prices for leopards poached in the reserve and the number of goats depredated by leopard. Leopards were the mainstay of the hunting industry; a single animal was worth approximately U.S.$24,000. Most safari revenues are retained at national and international levels, but poached leopard are illegally traded locally for small amounts ($83). Leopards depredated 11 goats over 2 years in 2 of 4 surveyed villages resulting in losses of $440 to 6 households. People in these households had negative attitudes toward leopards. Although leopard sport hunting generates larger gross revenues than poaching, illegal hunting provides higher economic benefits for households involved in the activity. Sport-hunting revenues did not compensate for the economic losses of livestock at the household level. On the basis of our results, we propose that poaching be reduced by increasing the costs of apprehension and that the economic benefits from leopard sport hunting be used to improve community livelihoods and provide incentives not to poach.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Conservation Biology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Wiley-Blackwell.
Keywords: Livestock Depredation; Panthera Pardus; Payments to Encourage Coexistence; Poaching
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2013 16:49
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2013 16:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/47203

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