ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Large scale features and assessment of spatial scale correspondence between TMPA and IMD rainfall datasets over Indian landmass

Uma, R and Kumar, Lakshmi TV and Narayanan, MS and Rajeevan, M and Bhate, Jyoti and Kumar, Niranjan K (2013) Large scale features and assessment of spatial scale correspondence between TMPA and IMD rainfall datasets over Indian landmass. In: Journal of Earth System Science, 122 (3). pp. 573-588.

Jour_Eart_Sys_Scie_122-3_573_2013.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12040-013-0312-0


Daily rainfall datasets of 10 years (1998-2007) of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA) version 6 and India Meteorological Department (IMD) gridded rain gauge have been compared over the Indian landmass, both in large and small spatial scales. On the larger spatial scale, the pattern correlation between the two datasets on daily scales during individual years of the study period is ranging from 0.4 to 0.7. The correlation improved significantly (similar to 0.9) when the study was confined to specific wet and dry spells each of about 5-8 days. Wavelet analysis of intraseasonal oscillations (ISO) of the southwest monsoon rainfall show the percentage contribution of the major two modes (30-50 days and 10-20 days), to be ranging respectively between similar to 30-40% and 5-10% for the various years. Analysis of inter-annual variability shows the satellite data to be underestimating seasonal rainfall by similar to 110 mm during southwest monsoon and overestimating by similar to 150 mm during northeast monsoon season. At high spatio-temporal scales, viz., 1 degrees x1 degrees grid, TMPA data do not correspond to ground truth. We have proposed here a new analysis procedure to assess the minimum spatial scale at which the two datasets are compatible with each other. This has been done by studying the contribution to total seasonal rainfall from different rainfall rate windows (at 1 mm intervals) on different spatial scales (at daily time scale). The compatibility spatial scale is seen to be beyond 5 degrees x5 degrees average spatial scale over the Indian landmass. This will help to decide the usability of TMPA products, if averaged at appropriate spatial scales, for specific process studies, e.g., cloud scale, meso scale or synoptic scale.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Earth System Science
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Southwest Monsoon Rainfall; TMPA; IMD Gridded Data; Spatial Scales; ISO
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 06:15
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2013 06:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46982

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item