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Identification of an exported heat shock protein 70 in Plasmodium falciparum

Grover, Manish and Chaubey, Shweta and Ranade, Shatakshi and Tatu, Utpal (2013) Identification of an exported heat shock protein 70 in Plasmodium falciparum. In: Parasite, 20 (9). 2_1-2_9.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2012002


Host cell remodelling is a hallmark of malaria pathogenesis. It involves protein folding, unfolding and trafficking events and thus participation of chaperones such as Hsp70s and Hsp40s is well speculated. Until recently, only Hsp40s were thought to be the sole representative of the parasite chaperones in the exportome. However, based on the re-annotated Plasmodium falciparum genome sequence, a putative candidate for exported Hsp70 has been reported, which otherwise was known to be a pseudogene. We raised a specific antiserum against a C-terminal peptide uniquely present in PfHsp70-x. Immunoblotting and immunofluorescence-based approaches in combination with sub-cellular fractionation by saponin and streptolysin-O have been taken to determine the expression and localization of PfHsp70-x in infected erythrocyte. The re-annotated sequence of PfHsp70-x reveals it to be a functional protein with an endoplasmic reticulum signal peptide. It gets maximally expressed at the schizont stage of intra-erythrocytic life cycle. Majority of the protein localizes to the parasitophorous vacuole and some of it gets exported to the erythrocyte compartment where it associates with Maurer's clefts. The identification of an exported parasite Hsp70 chaperone presents us with the fact that the parasite has evolved customized chaperones which might be playing crucial roles in aspects of trafficking and host cell remodelling.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Parasite
Publisher: EDP Sciences S A
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to EDP Sciences S A.
Keywords: Plasmodium Falciparum; Chaperone; Hsp70; Export; Trafficking
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 06:38
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2013 06:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46828

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