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Evaluation of kissing bond in composite adhesive lap joints using digital image correlation: Preliminary studies

Kumar, Vijaya RL and Bhat, MR and Murthy, CRL (2013) Evaluation of kissing bond in composite adhesive lap joints using digital image correlation: Preliminary studies. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADHESION AND ADHESIVES, 42 . pp. 60-68.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2013.01.004


The assembly of aerospace and automotive structures in recent years is increasingly carried out using adhesives. Adhesive joints have advantages of uniform stress distribution and less stress concentration in the bonded region. Nevertheless, they may suffer due to the presence of defects in bond line and at the interface or due to improper curing process. While defects like voids, cracks and delaminations present in the adhesive bond line may be detected using different NDE methods, interfacial defects in the form of kissing bond may go undetected. Attempts using advanced ultrasonic methods like nonlinear ultrasound and guided wave inspection to detect kissing bond have met with limited success stressing the need for alternate methods. This paper concerns the preliminary studies carried out on detectability of dry contact kissing bonds in adhesive joints using the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. In this attempt, adhesive joint samples containing varied area of kissing bond were prepared using the glass fiber reinforced composite (GFRP) as substrates and epoxy resin as the adhesive layer joining them. The samples were also subjected to conventional and high power ultrasonic inspection. Further, these samples were loaded till failure to determine the bond strength during which digital images were recorded and analyzed using the DIC method. This noncontact method could indicate the existence of kissing bonds at less than 50% failure load. Finite element studies carried out showed a similar trend. Results obtained from these preliminary studies are encouraging and further tests need to be done on a larger set of samples to study experimental uncertainties and scatter associated with the method. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, ENGLAND.
Keywords: Adhesive joints; Kissing bond; Digital image correlation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2013 05:20
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2013 05:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46428

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